ChromoTek scientists Michael Metterlein and Christian Linke-Winnebeck have published a whitepaper that provides a comprehensive overview with key developments in the field of split fluorescent protein technology. It also includes a selection of case studies on how ChromoTek’s Nano-Traps have been applied to exploit the full potential of this technology for example in protein-protein interaction studies. Particularly, the ChromoTek GFP-Trap has been successfully applied to multiple assays using different split GFP variants. Assay types include protein self-complementation, bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC), tripartite fluorescence complementation (TriFC), and bimolecular complementation affinity purification (BiCAP).
The Spot-Nanobody (green) binds to the Spot-Tag sequence motif PDRVRAVSHWSS. Upon binding, the Spot-Tag peptide is embedded on the surface of the Spot-Nanobody and becomes a β-sheet extension of the Spot-VHH. Defined interactions of the Spot-Nanobody’s side chains to the Spot-peptide determine specificity. In addition, the Spot-peptide is clamped by two amino acid side chains of the Spot-Nanobody. This binding mechanism elucidates why the Spot-Nanobody binds with high affinity to the Spot-Tag.
Immunostaining in HeLa cells low expressing Tubulin-GFP.
Left: GFP signal of Tubulin-GFP (green) and DAPI stain (blue);
Right: Tubulin-GFP detection by GFP-Booster coupled to Alexa Fluor 647
We currently offer our GFP- and RFP-Booster conjugated to two different far-red dyes:
Alexa Fluor® 647 and ATTO647N.
Nanobodies are the binding domains of heavy chain only antibodies from Camelids. Nanobodies can be recombinantly produced in bacterial and other animal-free expression systems depending on the actual Nanobody construct. In contrast, classical IgG antibodies are composed of two heavy chains and two light chains and are traditionally produced using hybridoma technlogies or are isolated from a host’s blood.
Nano-Secondaries are monoclonal Nanobodies that bind to primary antibodies in a species and subtype specific manner, i.e. Nano-Secondaries are very precise secondary antibodies. They are recombinantly produced in bacterial or other animal-free expression systems; in contrast, classical mono- or polyclonal secondary antibodies are traditionally produced using hybridoma technologies or are isolated from a host’s blood.
We are happy to present an updated list of scientific publications that have been published based on data generated by Myc-Trap. See detailed list below.
You may have noticed the recent publication “A peptide tag-specific nanobody enables high-quality labeling for STORM imaging” of Virant et al (2018) in Nature Communications doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-03191-2, where for the first time a peptide-tag specific Nanobody was applied in dSTORM imaging: The authors have described and discussed the performance of a BC2 peptide-tag specific Nanobody to image BC2 peptide tag fusion proteins in super resolution microscopy, i.e. dSTORM. This Blog features that BC2 peptide-tag specific Nanobody, which ChromoTek markets under the names Spot-Label® and Spot-Trap®. In addition, this Blog figures the significantly improved version of the BC2 peptide -tag, which is called Spot-Tag®.
Multiple literature references for GST-Trap
This article provides an overview of scientific publications that reference the ChromoTek GST-Trap superior binding performance for various applications. These include immunoprecipitation (IP), Co-IP of Glutathione S-Transferase (GST)-fusion proteins, and Luminex bead assays of GST-tagged and GFP-tagged proteins. Besides, usages for depletion of GST (glutathione sepharose) after cleavage from recombinant fusion proteins and affinity purification of GST-tagged proteins are possible.