Since the discovery of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) it has been widely applied in fluorescence microscopy as a tool to study proteins in their native cellular environment. However, GFP has several intrinsic limitations, such as low signal intensity, fast photo bleaching and signal loss after chemical treatment. The GFP-Booster, which is composed of an anti-GFP Nanobody conjugated to a fluorescent dye, enhances, stabilizes, and re-establishes the signal of GFP fusion proteins in immunofluorescence. In this blog, we answer why the small size of the GFP-Booster is of advantage compared to regular antibodies in immunofluorescence and provide an overview of the GFP variants bound by the GFP-Booster as well as the available dyes.
- Stronger signal in confocal and standard fluorescence microscopy
- More options in super-resolution microscopy including STORM and MINFLUX
- Constant degree of labeling (DOL = 2 dyes per Booster) for higher resolution
- More than 95% labeling efficiency
ChromoTek’s Marketing Manager Dr. Christoph Eckert has been interviewed by Biocompare, the buyers’ guide for life scientists, on labels for super resolution microscopy.
ChromoTek Nano-Boosters are ideal for Super-Resolution and “traditional” fluorescence microscopy because of their high affinity and extremely small size of just 2 to 3 nm. Technically speaking, the GFP-and RFP-Boosters are composed of the highly specific GFP- or RFP-binding domains of alpaca antibodies (also called “nanobodies”), covalently coupled to a selection of fluorescent dyes.