Nanobodies are the binding domains of heavy chain only antibodies from Camelids. Nanobodies can be recombinantly produced in bacterial and other animal-free expression systems depending on the actual Nanobody construct. In contrast, classical IgG antibodies are composed of two heavy chains and two light chains and are traditionally produced using hybridoma technlogies or are isolated from a host’s blood.
Nano-Secondaries are monoclonal Nanobodies that bind to primary antibodies in a species and subtype specific manner, i.e. Nano-Secondaries are very precise secondary antibodies. They are recombinantly produced in bacterial or other animal-free expression systems; in contrast, classical mono- or polyclonal secondary antibodies are traditionally produced using hybridoma technologies or are isolated from a host’s blood.